Since summer 2008, the citadel of Blaye, the Fort-Pâté and the Fort-Médoc have been included, along with eleven other major Vauban sites, on the UNESCO world heritage list. This classification is the recognition of a single man’s exceptional work: Vauban, a talented engineer in the service of Louis XIV and a great spirit of his time. The citadel of Blaye, on the right bank of the Gironde estuary, the Fort-Pâté, a small oval fort built on an island, and the Fort-Médoc, a square fort on the left bank, make up a triptych unique of its kind, which used cross-fire to forbid access to Bordeaux by enemy forces.
The Fort-Médoc and the citadel of Blaye retain all the elements of Vauban’s defence system: ditches, moats, ravelins, gates, ramparts, posterns as well as the buildings essential to the soldiers who lived there: guard house, powder shop, chapel, barracks... The citadel also has underground quarters. It offers magnificent views of the Gironde estuary and a pleasant stroll along its small streets. As for the Fort-Médoc, it offers a rural setting with a breathtaking view of the Fort-Pâté.